Clay was widely used by Woodland and Mississippian Indians in North Carolina to make pottery and smoking pipes, and it also was used as an architectural material to plaster houses and construct cooking hearths; however, it was only occasionally used for other purposes. This category includes examples of two other types of clay objects: spoons and ear plugs. Most spoons made by Indians probably were made of wood; the clay ear plugs closely resemble in size and shape more common ones that were made from marine shell. These plugs likely were worn as ear ornaments.
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